Chicago A (Footnotes and bibliography)
Chicago has two styles.
This guide is for Chicago A: notes (footnotes) and bibliography.
(The other style, Chicago B, is an author-date style).
Chicago A is a footnote style with two key components:
- A citation appears as a footnote (or endnote), corresponding to a superscripted number in the text.
- A bibliography at the end of the paper, alphabetically listing, by author family name, all references used in the text.
Note: A bibliography is the same as a reference list; bibliography is the label used in footnoting styles, reference lists are used in author-date styles. Make sure to use the correct label.
The following resources have been used to prepare the examples
- The Chicago Manual of Style. 2017. 17th ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
- Turabian, Kate. 2018. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. Ninth edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
These are referred to as the "Manual" and "Turabian," respectively.