Music score

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

10. Composer, Title of Score (Place of publication: Publisher, year), page number(s).

Footnote examples

First entry:

10. Igor Stravinsky, Rite of Spring (London, England: Hansen House, 1975), 3.

Second and subsequent entries:

31. Stravinsky, Rite of Spring, 4.

Format for bibliography entries

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Composer. Title of Score. Place of publication: Publisher, year.

Bibliography entry example

Stravinsky, Igor. Rite of Spring. London, England: Hansen House, 1975.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 14.255.
  • Published musical scores are treated in the same way as books. Additional information such as an editor's name or additional writers may be included where relevant (see Manual 14.104).
  • Editor's name(s) should be followed with the abbreviation ed. (or eds.). Use the same format where there is a translator or compiler instead of an editor.
  • Many musical works are known by their generic names, such as 'Symphony no. 1' or 'Sonata in A major', while some have descriptive or popular names (such as 'Eroica' or Danse Macabre). See Manual 8.1948.195 and Turabian 22.3.2 for guidance on whether titles should be italicised, in quotation marks or neither.
  • Specify the edition if it is not the first edition.
  • In the footnotes, do not use ‘p’ or ‘pp’ before the page numbers.
  • In the bibliography (but not the footnotes), invert the name of the composer (i.e. surname, given name).
  • Page numbers are not given in the bibliography entry.
  • Use the shortened form for second and subsequent footnotes.

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