Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Introduction to Citing and Referencing

  • Why should I cite and reference?

    Citing and referencing are essential to the academic integrity of your research and writing. They demonstrate that you have read widely and understood your topic; enable readers to verify your sources and find out more; and importantly, avoid plagiarism by acknowledging when you have used the ideas and words of others.

    For out more about the importance of citing and referencing on the academic integrity website.


  • When do I need to reference?

    You need to reference when you express an author’s ideas in your own words (paraphrasing), or when you directly quote their words. You also need to reference data and images you find in your sources.

    You do not need to reference when you introduce, analyse, synthesise or conclude your ideas in your own words or refer to common knowledge in your area of study.

    For more information, have a look at the Academic Skills Using Sources page

  • What happens if I do not reference properly or do not reference at all?

    You should always reference sources correctly and consistently, according to the referencing style rules, not only to get good marks but also to maintain academic integrity.

    Refer to your assignment marking criteria to see if marks are assigned to referencing, and check with your lecturer if you are unsure.


  • How do I reference Indigenous Knowledges?

    Have a look at the advice on citation in the Indigenous Knowledges Research Guide

Choosing a referencing style

Creating your references

Reference Management Software and support technologies

Writing with references

Further help