Introduction to Citing and Referencing
Why should I cite and reference?
When do I need to reference?
What happens if I do not reference properly or do not reference at all?
How do I reference Indigenous Knowledges?
Have a look at the advice on citation in the Indigenous Knowledges Research Guide
Choosing a referencing style
Which reference style should I use?
In Re:cite, there are multiple templates across different style types for the source I am referencing. What should I do?
What is the difference between an in-text citation and a footnote?
What is the difference between a reference list and a bibliography?
What are intext referencing styles?
What are footnote/ bibliographic referencing styles?
Footnote/bibliographic referencing styles have information identified by placing a superscript number at the end of the sentence that includes the direct quote or paraphrase. The number refers the reader to a footnote at the bottom of the page, which contains the details of the source. For examples, see Re:cite – Chicago A Footnoting
Most styles also include an bibliography arranged alphabetically by family name including all works cited, plus any other works consulted but not cited.
What is a number referencing style?
Number referencing styles are characterised by references indicated in-text by superscript numbers, or numbers in brackets.
Each number corresponds to a particular source and refers to a list at the end of the paper. This list provides full details of the sources used, arranged in the order they first appear in the text. Vancouver style is the most widely used example of this style.
Creating your references
How do I find a DOI?
Reference Management Software and support technologies
Should I manually do my references or use Reference Management Software?
Reference management software can make keeping track of your research easier, but it is not essential. Have a look at the Getting Started with Reference Management guide to choose which approach is right for you.
If you do choose to use reference management software, the Library offers guides and tutorials to support you.
Writing with references
What is the difference between direct quoting and paraphrasing? Should I use a direct quote or paraphrase?
A direct quote uses the exact words of the author to communicate an idea or argument. Paraphrasing is expressing the author's views or ideas in your own words. In both cases, you must provide citations.
You should use a direct quote only when the words of the author cannot be rephrased or when they illustrate your argument.
For more information about integrating sources in your writing, refer to Using sources in assessments: voice in academic writing.
Where can I receive additional support with citing and referencing?
Your lecturers and tutors will be the first point of contact for confirming specific referencing styles. Before selecting a referencing style, check with your tutor, lecturer or supervisor for the style preferred by the School or Department.
For general referencing help, ask a librarian through library chat or face to face at the information desk across our 11 libraries.
Help guides on specific referencing topics
- Options for managing references
- Reference Management Software libguides
- How to prepare an annotated bibliography
For more help in using sources in your work, please see: