With author

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

15. Author, “Title of Article,” Title of Newspaper, Date, URL (if consulted online).

Footnote example

15. Kirthana Ramisetti, "Joni Mitchell suffered aneurysm and cannot speak, David Crosby says," New York Daily News, June 27, 2015, 12:53 p.m. EDT, http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/gossip/david-crosby-joni-mitchell-suffered-aneurysm-speak-article-1.2273408.

Format for bibliography entries

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Newspapers are more commonly cited in notes than in bibliographies. Newspaper items need not be listed in the bibliography if these have been documented in the text. If a bibliography entry were included it would appear as follows:

Author (surname, given name). "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, Date. URL (if consulted online).

Example - bibliography entry

Ramisetti, Kirthana. "Joni Mitchell suffered aneurysm and cannot speak, David Crosby says." New York Daily News, June 27, 2015, 12:53 p.m. EDT. http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/gossip/david-crosby-joni-mitchell-suffered-aneurysm-speak-article-1.2273408.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 14.191.
  • In circumstances where news stories are unfolding over time, it may be appropriate to include a time-stamp where one is included with the article. List the time as posted, with the timezone as appropriate (i.e. 3:55 pm EST). See Manual 14.191.
  • In the bibliography (but not in the footnotes), invert the name of the first author only (i.e. surname, given name).
  • If there is no article title, give the article type (not in quotation marks). For example: Obituary, Editorial.
  • Omit ‘The’ from newspaper titles.
  • To cite an article consulted online, include the URL.
  • Add a city name if the newspaper is not well known e.g. Examiner (Launceston).
  • Page numbers are usually omitted.
  • Details of the edition can be added to a note or bibliographical entry. For example: final edition, Midwest edition.
  • If the paper is published in several sections, the section number or name may be given.

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