Online image/artwork

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

1. Artist, Title of Image, year, medium, dimensions of work, Repository/ Gallery/ Museum, City, URL.

Footnote example

First entry:

7. Lin Onus (Yorta Yorta), Fish, 1991, synthetic polymer paint on canvas, 182.5 x 182.5 cm, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne,

Second and subsequent entries:

11. Onus, Fish.

Format for bibliography

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Artist (Surname, Given name). Title of image. Year. Medium, dimensions of work. Repository / Gallery / Museum, City. URL.

Bibliography entry example

Onus, Lin (Yorta Yorta). Fish. 1991. Synthetic polymer paint on canvas, 182.5 x 182.5 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 14.235
  • Titles of artworks are italicised and in headline style. See Manual 3:22
  • You should include as much information about the medium and dimensions as you can find. See Manual 3.22 and 3.27
  • Bibliography examples are based on Manual 14.235 and Turabian
  • If date is approximate, use ca.
  • For artworks consulted online, the preference is to include a DOI or stable URL. Sometimes a suitable URL will not be available, or will be restricted to subscribers to the database. In these cases, it is appropriate to list the name of the database used (Manual 14.175).
  • Citation of images found online generally don't require an access date. Consult with your lecturer for specific requirements (Manual 14.12).
  • Citation of images from websites generally only appear in the notes/footnotes. Consult with your lecturer for specific requirements.

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