Your own work/ film/ documentation

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

On DVD/ film

14. Title of Production, directed by Director/s (Year of release; Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), Medium/ URL.

Hosted online

16. Author/Director name, "Title of Video," additional publication information, date posted, description of item, duration, URL.

Footnote examples

First entry:

14. Creating a Monster, directed by Gena Lida Reiss, produced by CJ Welsh (Melbourne: Victorian College of the Arts, 2016), DVD.


18. Tinseltown, written and directed by Corrie Chen (Corrie Chen, 2016),


21. Archie Barry, "dreamboy," performed at the Victorian College of the Arts, 17 August 2016, Vimeo video, 1:44,

Second and subsequent entries:

23. Creating a Monster.


25. Tinseltown.


27. Barry, "dreamboy."

Format for bibliography

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Bibliography entries may be listed under either the production title or the name of the director (see Turabian

Title of Production. Directed by Director/s. Year of release; Place of publication: Publisher, year of publication. Medium/URL.


Director (Surname, First name), dir. Title of Production. Place of publication: Publisher, year. Medium/URL.


Author name (Surname, First name). "Title of Video." Additional publication information, date posted. Description of item, duration. URL.

Bibliography entry examples

Creating a Monster. Directed by Gena Lida Reiss. Produced by CJ Welsh. Melbourne: Victoria College of the Arts, 2016. DVD.


Chen, Corrie, dir. Tinseltown. Corrie Chen, 2016.


Barry, Archie. "dreamboy." Performed at the Victorian College of the Arts, 17 August 2016. Vimeo video, 1:44.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 14.261 and 14.265. See also Turabian
  • Omit the year of release if it is the same as the year of publication. See Manual 14.265.
  • The order of the citation elements may depend on the nature of the resource and on what the focus of the citation is (i.e. you may cite the director's name first if the direction of the work is your primary focus).
  • Any facts relevant to identifying the item should be included (i.e. additional writers, actors, producers).
  • Accompanying material (like a director's commentary) can either be woven into the text (see Turabian or cited by author and title (see Manual 14.265).
  • You can also refer to a specific scene in a film. Include the scene title or chapter number in quotation marks at the beginning of the citation (i.e. “Crop Duster Attack,” North by Northwest…).
  • For recordings accessed online, if there is no date of production or broadcast provided, you should include an access date prior to the URL (Manual 14.12).
  • Where actual names are used, invert the names of the first named person only in bibliography.
  • Use a permanent URL wherever available.

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