APA 7 citing and referencing changes


  • The first in-text citation of a work three or more authors may list only the first author, followed by “et al.”
  • There are guidelines for citing Indigenous Knowledge and oral traditions of indigenous people


  • URLs are hyperlinks and do not need to be preceded with “Retrieved from:”.
  • DOIs are now displayed as a URL (hyperlinked) . The DOI label is not required  For example: “DOI: 10.1109/5.771073” becomes “https⁚//doi.org/10.1109/5.771073”
  • No publisher location required. eg. “Melbourne: Melbourne University Press” is now just “Melbourne University Press”.
  • The reference list includes up to 20 authors for a single work. For more than 20 authors list the first 20 authors followed by ... and the last author
  • Ebooks no longer require the type of ebook to be listed (e.g. PDF, Kindle etc)