Lecture or presentation

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

... an important role in the history of art practice (Henson 2017).


In her conference paper, Carmichael (2019) argued that ....

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Presenter (Surname, First name). Year. "Title of lecture." Type of presentation, Place, date, year. URL if relevant.

Reference list example

Henson, Bill. 2014. "Bill Henson on Piranesi." Lecture, University of Melbourne, Parkville VIC, February 27, 2014.


Carmichael, Lynne. 2019. "Music Libraries in an Art World." Paper presented at the IAML Australia Conference 2019, Melbourne VIC, October 5, 2019. http://www.iamlaustralia.org.au/conferences/melbourne-2019-presentations/.


Selentisch, Nick. 2020. "The Northern Renaissance: Unintentional Revolutions." Lecture, University of Melbourne, May 17, 2020. Virtual.

Style notes for this reference type

  • For more examples see Manual 14.217. See also Turabian 19.7.2.
  • If the paper is included in published proceedings, it may be treated like a chapter in a book.
  • If accessed virtually or online, there is no need to indicate the platform (e.g. Zoom) however if relevant to the discussion mention it in the body of your work.
  • If you watched or listened to the presentation online,  you can also treat it as you would an online resource (see video and audio for examples).
  • If the information is accessed or available online, include the URL as the final part of the citation.

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