One author

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used. (eg. Number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

Hassan (2004, p. 30) has argued that…


…as found in a major study (Hassan 2004, p. 30).

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Author AA (Year of publication), Title of book, Publisher, Place of publication.

Reference list example

Hassan R (2004), Media, politics and the network society, Open University Press, Maidenhead.

Style notes for this reference type

  • Book titles are italicised. Minimal capitalisation is recommended. Capitalise only the first word of the title and any proper nouns. Subtitles are not capitalised and are separated from the main title by a colon.
  • There is no comma or full-stop between the author and year of publication. Commas are used to separate all other elements. The reference entry finishes with a full-stop.
  • Information about the edition (not including first editions) and volume appear after the year of publication in the following order:
    Title of book, edition (edn), Volume number or number of volumes, Publisher, Place of publication, page number(s) if applicable.

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