TV, radio broadcast

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used. (eg. Number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

Heroes (2006) expanded the theme of villain…


…superhero theme (Heroes 2006).

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Title of broadcast (Date of recording), Format, Publisher, Place of recording.

Reference list example

Heroes (2006), television series, Tailwind Productions in association with Universal Media Studios, Los Angeles, California. Distributed by Seven Corporation, Melbourne, and created by Tim Kring.


Mornings with Jon Faine (2010), radio program, ABC Radio, Melbourne, 27 May.


Swingler L (director) (2003) 'Edward and Mary: the unknown Tudors' [Television program], Edward VI (parts 1 and 2), ABC Television, Sydney.

Style notes for this reference type

  • In-text citations should include the title and date of production.
  • Further information/credits can follow the citation.
  • Broadcast titles are italicised. Minimal capitalisation is recommended. Capitalise only the first word of the title and any proper nouns.
  • There is no comma or full stop between the title and date of recording. Commas are used to separate all other elements. The reference entry finishes with a full-stop.
  • Use sentence case, roman type and quotation marks for episodes of a program.
  • Use roman type and no quotation marks for the names of:
    • production companies
    • networks
    • channels
    • streaming services

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