Online image/artwork from a database

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

As we can see in Johns' False Start (1959)…


An example of this can be seen in the painting False Start (Johns 1959).

Format in reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Artist (Surname, Given name). Year. Title of image. Medium, dimensions of work. Repository/ Gallery/ Museum, City. DOI/ URL/ Database name.

Reference list example

Johns, Jasper. 1959. False Start. Oil on canvas, 67 x 54 inches. Museum Ludwig, Cologne.

Style notes for this reference type

  • Titles of artworks are italicised and in headline style. See Manual 3:22
  • You should include as much information about the medium and dimensions as you can find. See Manual 3.22 and 3.27
  • "Year" refers to the year that the image or artwork was created. If you don't know the date, use the abbreviation n.d. (no date) or if you only know the approximate date, use the abbreviation c. (circa).
  • For articles consulted online, the preference is to include a DOI or stable URL. Sometimes a suitable URL will not be available, or will be restricted to subscribers to the database. In these cases, it is appropriate to list the name of the database used (Manual 14.175). Note that DOI is lowercased and followed by a colon (with no space after) in source citations.

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