Streamed video from a database

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

In Bring Joey to Life in ‘War Horse’ (2012), Jeffrey Brown commented on …

OR shown by Walker (Ali’s Wedding 2017).

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Reference list entries may be listed under either the production title or the name of the director (see Turabian

Title of Video. Year. Directed by Director/s. Additional publication information. Place of publication: Production company. Format. URL/DOI/Database name.


Director (Surname, First name), dir. Year. Title of Video. Additional publication information. Place of publication: Production company. Format. URL/DOI/Database name.

Reference list example

Bringing Joey to Life in 'War Horse': November 9, 2012. 2012. Interview by Jeffrey Brown. Arlington, VA: MacNeil-Lehrer Productions. Streaming video. Theatre in Video, Alexander Street Press.


Walker, Jeffrey, dir. 2017. Ali's Wedding. Madman Entertainment. Streaming video.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 15.57, 14.261 and 14.267 See also Turabian and
  • See Manual 14.11 for notes on citing material from a library database. Use a stable or permanent URL/DOI (Digital Object Identifier) wherever available. If one does not exist (or if the URL is too long), include the name of the database instead.
  • The order of the citation elements may depend on the nature of the resource and on what the focus of the citation is (i.e. you may cite the director's name first if the direction of the work is your primary focus).
  • Any facts relevant to identifying the item should be included (i.e. additional writers, actors, producers). Place of publication may not be applicable for works streamed online. See above links for examples.
  • Accompanying material (like a director's commentary) can either be woven into the text (see Turabian or cited by author and title (see Manual 14.265).
  • You may need to consult other resources (i.e a library catalogue or IMDb) for some citation elements.
  • You can also refer to a specific scene in a film. Include the scene title or chapter number in quotation marks at the beginning of the citation (i.e. “Crop Duster Attack,” North by Northwest…).
  • For recordings accessed online, if there is no date of production or broadcast provided, you should include an access date prior to the URL (Manual 14.12).
  • If no date can be determined from the source, include the date the material was last accessed.

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