You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

An interview that has been published or made available online may also be treated like an article or online resource. Unpublished interviews may be treated like personal communication.

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

... an important role in the history of photographic practice (Kate Kelly, interview, 2017).


In an 2017 interview with Julianne Summer, Kate Kelly outlined the important role played …

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Name of interviewee (Surname, First name). Year. Interview by Interviewer's name. Place, date of interview. URL if relevant.

Reference list example

Kelly, Kate. 2017. Interview by Julianne Summer. Melbourne, September 22, 2017.

Style notes for this reference type

  • For more examples see Manual 15.53 and 14.213. See also Turabian 19.6.1.
  • Unpublished interviews are not usually referred to in the reference list, however can be included if they are critical to your argument or are cited frequently. Check with your lecturer if you are unsure.
  • You may include other identifying information (i.e. position or organisation) if relevant.
  • It is recommended that you obtain permission from the person who has been interviewed.
  • If there is any additional contextual information that is significant to this communication, please include it in the citation.

Explore resources to help with reference management and enable you to effectively integrate and cite sources into your writing and assessment tasks .

View Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Access all referencing FAQs Access further help