Sound recording: Downloaded audio file
You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used. (eg. Number of authors and source descriptions)
Format for in-text citation
In-text citation example
Glass (2018) employs the technique....
… when used in this way (Glass 2018).
Format for reference list
Elements, punctuation & capitalisation
Composer/Performer. Year. Title of Recording. Label & Publisher number, format. Source of file/URL.
Reference list example
Glass, Philip. 2018. The Hours/Distant Figure. Anton Batagov (piano). Orange Mountain Music, MP3 audio. iTunes.
Style notes for this reference type
- See Manual 15.57 and Turabian 220.127.116.11.
- Italicise the official title of the album, but individual track titles should be included in quotation marks (Manual 8.197).
- If the performer or conductor (or similar) is more relevant than the composer, they may be listed first.
- Include any information about the work that is relevant, including performers, conductors, performance dates, medium and publisher details.
- Include the name of the download service as part of the citation. If a separate URL can be determined from the source, include that at the end.
- For the date, include the date of the recording, the copyright date or published date included with the recording. If a date cannot be found consult a library catalogue or other resource; citations without a date are generally unacceptable. If no date can be found, use “n.d.” (for no date).
- Sound recordings should be grouped under an appropriate subheading in the bibliography (see Chicago Manual, chapter 14.263 and 14.63).
- For digital reissues, include the date of the original recording and the reissue date as well. See Manual 15.57.
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