You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used. (eg. Number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

Fidler and Connolly (2018) discuss the relevance of ...


... is important when considering the elements of sound design in context (Mars 2015).

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Surname of host, First name. Year. "Title of Episode". Date posted/broadcast. In Title of Podcast. Additional Information. Podcast, MP3 audio, duration. URL/source of download.

Reference list example

Fidler, Richard. 2018. "Robert Connolly's Audacious Film Adaptation of Tim Winton's 'The Turning'." September 20, 2018. In Conversations. Interview by Richard Fidler. Podcast, MP3 audio, 50:55. https://www.abc.net.au/radio/programs/conversations/robert-connollys-audacious-film-adaption-of-tim-wintons-the-turn/7755452.


Mars, Roman. 2015. "All In Your Head." June 10, 2015. In 99% Invisible. Episode produced by Hrishikesh Hirway. Podcast, MP3 audio, 36:34. iTunes.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 15.57, 14.267 and Turabian
  • If relevant, you may include the time at which the cited material appears in the in-text citation (ie. Mars 2015, 2:37).
  • A podcast or series title should be italicised. An individual podcast episode should be placed in quotation marks (see Manual 8.189)
  • Use a permanent URL wherever available, otherwise list the source of the download.
  • If no date can be determined from the source, include an access date.
  • If the material is a recording of a performance, or is a digitised version of pre-existing material, you should also include information about the original source. The order of these entries may depend on the information available.
  • Include the creator's name exactly as given, even if it is not their real name. A real name may be included in brackets if desirable. Where actual names are used, invert the names of the first named person only in reference list.
  • Different sources will provide more or less information about the item. Any facts relevant to identifying the item should be included, for example the name of a YouTube channel or where and when it was recorded.

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