Online Book

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

Example: in-text citation

In a major study (Hunter 2015)…


Bryzgel (2017) argued…

OR (if paginated)

Hunter (2015, 8) describes…

OR (if not paginated)

Bryzgel (2017, chap.5) outlines the impact...

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Author(s). Year of publication. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher. URL/DOI/Format/Device/Database name.

Reference list example

Hunter, Victoria, ed. 2015. Moving Sites : Investigating Site-Specific Dance Performance. London: Taylor & Francis Group.

Bryzgel, Amy. 2017. Performance Art in Eastern Europe since 1960. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Style notes for this reference type

  • Include the surname only in in-text citations.
  • In-text citations with four or more authors list the first author's surname following by et al., e.g. (Sutherland et al. 2017).
  • In the reference list, invert the name of the first author only.
  • Where there are four to ten authors, list them all in the reference list.
  • Where there are more than ten authors, list the first seven in the reference list, followed by et al.  (see Manual 14.76).
  • In the reference list, works without an author should appear alphabetically by the main word of the title (ignore 'the', 'a', and 'an').
  • Specify the edition if it is not the first edition.
  • For online books include the DOI (or URL) as the last part of the citations and refer to section headings in lieu of page numbers.
  • Sometimes a suitable URL is not available, or is only for subscribers of the database. In these cases it is appropriate to just include the database name (i.e. eBook Collection) (Manual 14.161).
  • For books requiring a  specific device or application to read, you may include that detail in place of a URL or DOI (i.e. Kindle. iBooks. Adobe Digital Editions EPUB) (Manual 14.159).
  • Refer to section and/or chapter headings in lieu of page numbers (Manual 14.160).
  • Cite chapters in edited books as you would a print version.

Explore resources to help with reference management and enable you to effectively integrate and cite sources into your writing and assessment tasks .

Relevant Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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