Type

  • Image/photograph/artwork from a book
    Example - in text citation

    Subodh Gupta's painting Doot 2003 (Chui and Genocchio 2010, 189) is another type of…

    OR

    Elements of this can be seen in works like Doot by Subodh Gupta (Chui and Genocchio 2010, 189).

    OR

    Annie Liebovitz's photographic work Robert La Fosse, New York City 1990 (Liebovitz 2002, fig. 6) captures the essence of the dancer's pain…


    Format in reference list
    Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

    Artist (Surname, Given name). Year. Title of image. In Author of book. Year. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.

    Example - reference list

    Gupta, Subodh. 2003. Doot. In Melissa Chiu and Benjamin Genocchio. 2010. Contemporary Asian Art. London: Thames and Hudson.

    OR

    Liebovitz, Annie. 1990. Robert La Fosse, New York City. In Annie Liebovitz. 2002. Dancers: Photographs by Annie Liebovitz. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.


    Style notes for this reference type
    • Titles of artworks are italicised and in headline style. See Manual 3:22
    • You should include as much information about the medium and dimensions as you can find. See Manual 3.22 and 3.27
    • Include the author/artist and title of the work in the body of the text and put an in-text reference for the book that the image/illustration is in.
    • "Year" refers to the year that the image or artwork was created. If you don’t know the date, use the abbreviation n.d. (no date) or if you only know the approximate date, use the abbreviation c. (circa).
  • Online image/artwork from a database
    Example - in text citation

    As we can see in Johns' False Start (1959)…

    OR

    An example of this can be seen in the painting False Start (Johns 1959).


    Format in reference list
    Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

    Artist (Surname, Given name). Year. Title of image. Medium, dimensions of work. Repository/ Gallery/ Museum, City. DOI/ URL/ Database name.

    Example - reference list

    Johns, Jasper. 1959. False Start. Oil on canvas, 67 x 54 inches. Museum Ludwig, Cologne. www.artstor.org.


    Style notes for this reference type
    • Titles of artworks are italicised and in headline style. See Manual 3:22
    • You should include as much information about the medium and dimensions as you can find. See Manual 3.22 and 3.27
    • "Year" refers to the year that the image or artwork was created. If you don't know the date, use the abbreviation n.d. (no date) or if you only know the approximate date, use the abbreviation c. (circa).
    • For articles consulted online, the preference is to include a DOI or stable URL. Sometimes a suitable URL will not be available, or will be restricted to subscribers to the database. In these cases, it is appropriate to list the name of the database used (Manual 14.175). Note that DOI is lowercased and followed by a colon (with no space after) in source citations.
  • Online image/artwork
    Example - in text citation

    ...this mysticism is evident in af Klint's painting The Swan no.13 Group IX/ SUW (1915)...

    OR

    An example of this is af Klint's The Swan no.13 Group IX/ SUW (1915).

    Format in reference list
    Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

    Artist (Surname, Given name). Year. Title of image. Medium, dimensions of work. Repository/ Gallery/ Museum, City. DOI/ URL/ Database name.

    Example - reference list

    af Klint, Hilma. 1915. Oil on canvas, 148 x 151 cms. The Moderna Museet, Stockholm. https://sis.modernamuseet.se/en/objects/99853.


    Style notes for this reference type
    • Titles of artworks are italicised and in headline style. See Manual 3:22
    • You should include as much information about the medium and dimensions as you can find. See Manual 3.22 and 3.27
    • "Year" refers to the year that the image or artwork was created. If you don’t know the date, use the abbreviation n.d. (no date) or if you only know the approximate date, use he abbreviation c. (circa).
  • Artwork (viewed in a gallery or collection)
    For example - in text citation

    One popular artwork on exhibition at the National Gallery of Victoria, Quantum Memories (Anadol 2020),…

    OR

    Refik Anadol's work Quantum Memories (2020) exemplifies this…


    Entry in reference list
    Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

    Artist (Surname, Given name). Year. Title of image. Medium, dimensions of work. Repository/ Gallery/ Museum, City.

    For example - reference list

    Anadol, Refik. 2020. Quantum Memories. AI Data Sculpture, Custom software, quantum computing data, generative algorithm with artificial intelligence (AI), real time digital animation on LED screen, 4 channel sound, 10m x 10m x 2.5m. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.


    Style notes for this reference type
    • Titles of artworks are italicised and in headline style. See Manual 3:22
    • You should include as much information about the medium and dimensions as you can find. See Manual 3.22 and 3.27
    • "City" refers to the city in which the museum/gallery/collection is located. Private collections do not need a location.
  • Image/ artwork from a journal
    For example - in text citation

    ...this incorporation of a bicycle into Huffy Howler (Harrison 2004),…

    OR

    Rachel Harrison's sculpture Huffy Howler (2004) demonstrates this…


    Entry in reference list
    Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

    Artist (Surname, Given name). Year. Title of image. In Title of Journal, volume number, issue number (year): page/s. DOI/ URL/ Database Name.

    For example - reference list

    Harrison, Rachel. 2004. Huffy Howler. In Artforum 58, no. 5 (2020): 182.

    OR

    Harrison, Rachel. 2004. Huffy Howler. In Artforum 58, no. 5 (2020): 182.  https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A612113050/AONE?u=unimelb&sid=AONE&xid=b793170c.


    Style notes for this reference type
    • Titles of artworks are italicised and in headline style. See Manual 3:22
    • You should include as much information about the medium and dimensions as you can find. See Manual 3.22 and 3.27
    • Journal titles are italicised.
    • Reference list entries include the volume and issue numbers and the publication date. If a journal is paginated consecutively across a volume or if the month or season appears with the year, the issue number may be omitted.
    • Additional information beyond volume and issue (for instance a season or month) may be included in parentheses after the issue number.
    • For articles consulted online, the preference is to include a DOI or stable URL. Sometimes a suitable URL will not be available, or will be restricted to subscribers to the database. In these cases, it is appropriate to list the name of the database used (Manual 14.175). Note that DOI is lowercased and followed by a colon (with no space after) in source citations.
    • For articles consulted in print, omit the DOI, URL or database name from your citation.
    • Access dates are not required by Chicago in citations of formally published electronic sources (Manual 14.12). If an access date is required (by publisher or discipline), they should immediately precede the URL, separated from the surrounding citation by commas in a note and periods in a reference list entry. For example:

      Harrison, Rachel. 2004. Huffy Howler. In Artforum 58, no. 5 (2020): 182. Accessed May 28, 2021, https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A612113050/AONE?u=unimelb&sid=AONE&xid=b793170c.

  • Your own artwork
    For example - in text citation

    experiments such as this led to the development of Ascension 1 (Angels) (Gartside 2019),…

    OR

    This dynamic is evident in works such as How I Will Change (2018) and...


    Entry in reference list
    Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

    Artist (Surname, Given name). Year. Title of image. Medium, dimensions of work. Studio/ Gallery/ Museum, City.

    For example - reference list

    Gartside, Hannah. 2019. Ascension 1 (Angels). Found nighties, millinery wire, thread, steel, paint, 2.5 x 3 x 3m. The Stables, Victorian College of the Arts, Melbourne.

    Just, Kate. 2018. How I Will Change. Installation of neon texts, wall paint, dimensions variable. Project Space, RMIT, Melbourne.


    Style notes for this reference type
    • Titles of artworks are italicised and in headline style. See Manual 3:22
    • You should include as much information about the medium and dimensions as you can find. See Manual 3.22 and 3.27
    • "City" refers to the city in which the museum/gallery/collection is located. Private collections do not need a location.