Video, film and sound recordings


You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used. (eg. Number of authors and source descriptions)


Format for in text citation

In text citation example

…kangaroos were filmed in situ.(18)


Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

18. Title [Medium]. Producers. Place of publication: Publisher; Year.

Reference list example

18. Kangaroos: faces in the mob [videocassette]. Aldenhoven J, Carruthers G, producers. Australia: Green Cape Wildlife Films; 1992


Style notes for this referencing type

  • For medium use videocassette, audiocassette, DVD, etc.
  • If there is no author, editors may be moved to the author position.
  • Names of producers are added after the medium type. Follow that last named producer with a comma and the word producer or producers.
  • If no place of publication can be found but can reasonably be inferred, place the city in square brackets. eg [Melbourne].
  • If no publisher can be found, use [publisher unknown].
  • If no date of publication can be found, use the copyright date preceded with ‘c’ c2010. If no copyright date can be found, use [date unknown].

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