No author

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

…in the New York Times (12 March 2002, p. 14).


…the significance of these finds has been questioned in the media (New York Times 12 March 2002, p. 14).

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Not required in this case. The in-text citation provides all details.

Style notes for this reference type

  • If the authorship is not evident, provide all the details in the in-text citation. In this case, there is no need for an entry in the reference list.
  • Newspaper names are italicised. Use maximal capitalisation - capitalise the first and all major words of the publication's name.
  • If an article continues towards the end of the publication provide both sets of page numbers e.g. pp. 14-15, 32.
  • Article titles are contained within single quotation marks and are not italicised. Use minimal capitalisation - capitalise only the first word of the article title and any proper nouns. Include both article title and subtitle regardless of length e.g. 'Still moving: between cinema and photography'.

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