Secondary source


You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)


Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

Freud's study (cited in Smith, Jones & Black 2005, p. 40) reported…

OR

…was reported (Freud cited in Smith, Jones & Black 2005, p. 40).


Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Authors Year of publication, Title of book, Publisher, Place of publication.

Reference list example

Smith, P, Jones, M & Black, J 1983, Introduction to psychology: a reader, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Optional - details of primary source:

Freud, S 1949, Civilization and its discontents, trans. J. Riviere, Hogarth Press, London.


Style notes for this reference type

  • Give the secondary source in the Reference List. In the text refer to the original work and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Freud's work is referred to in Smith, Jones and Black and you did not read the original work by Freud; use the phrase 'cited in' inside brackets in the text (e.g. Freud's study (cited in Smith, Jones & Black 2005) reported … ). Give the secondary source in the reference list. (Optionally the details of the primary source can also be included in the reference list if considered useful to the reader).
  • Optionally the details of the primary source can also be included in the reference list (if considered useful to the reader).
  • Book titles are italicised. Minimal capitalisation is recommended. Capitalise only the first word of the title and any proper nouns. Subtitles are not capitalised and are separated from the main title by a colon.
  • There is no comma or full-stop between the author and year of publication. Commas are used to separate all other elements. The reference entry finishes with a full-stop.


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