Four or more authors

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

Miller et al. (2000, p. 13) discussed that…


…as shown by the longitudinal study (Miller et al. 2000, p. 13).

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Authors AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE and Author FF (Year of publication), Title of book, Publisher, Place of publication.

Reference list example

Miller P, Smith M, Roberts JC, Peters B, Howard K and Curtis L 2000, Mobile phone use in teenagers, Collins, Melbourne.

Style notes for this reference type

  • When a book has four or more authors the in-text citation shows only the name of the first listed author followed by 'et al.'
  • All the authors' names must be listed in the reference list in the order in which they appear on the title page.
  • Book titles are italicised. Minimal capitalisation is recommended. Capitalise only the first word of the title and any proper nouns. Subtitles are not capitalised and are separated from the main title by a colon.
  • There is no comma or full-stop between the authors' names and year of publication. Commas are used to separate all other elements. The reference entry finishes with a full-stop.
  • Information about the edition (not including first editions) and volume appear after the year of publication in the following order:
    Title of book, edition (edn), Volume number or number of volumes, Publisher, Place of publication, page number(s) if applicable.

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