Music Score

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used. (eg. Number of authors and source descriptions)

Musical scores are not specifically discussed in the manual in relation to author-date citations, however it does mention that they should generally be treated as books. Our librarians suggest the following, however we advise that you check with your subject guideline or tutor for recommended format.

For more information refer to Chicago Manual of Style (14.255) or Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations - eighth edition (

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

... appears in Rite of Spring (Stravinsky, 22)...


Schwartz (2011) referenced this theme...

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Composer Surname, First name. Year of publication. Title of Work. Place of publication: Publisher.

Reference list example

Stravinsky, Igor. 1975. Rite of Spring. London: Hansen House.

If the score is part of a collection or anthology:

Schwartz, Stephen. 2011. "All For the Best". In Godspell: Vocal Selections. Rev. ed. Milwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 14.255 and Turabian
  • Published musical scores are treated in the same way as books. Additional information such as an editor's name or additional writers may be included where relevant (see Manual 14.104).
  • Many musical works are known by their generic names, such as 'Symphony no. 1' or 'Sonata in A major', while some have descriptive or popular names (such as 'Eroica' or Danse Macabre). See Manual 8.1948.195 and Turabian 22.3.2 for guidance on whether titles should be italicised, in quotation marks or neither.
  • Specify the edition if it is not the first edition.
  • In the reference list, invert the name of the first composer only.
  • When citing a particular passage, include the page number/s in the in-text citation. Place a comma between the year and page number/s.

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