You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

In their film Fargo (2000), the Coen Brothers presented ….


...the directors discuss their place within Hollywood (Broomfield and Dolezal 2017).

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Title of Production. Year. Directed by Director/s. Place of publication: Publisher. Medium/URL.


Director (Surname, First name), dir. Year. Title of Production. Place of publication: Publisher. Medium/URL.

Reference list example

Fargo. 2000. Directed by Joel and Ethan Coen. Santa Monica, CA: MGM Home Entertainment. DVD.


Broomfield, Nick and Rudi Dolezal, dir. 2017. Whitney: Can I Be Me. Lafayette Films.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 15.57, 14.265 and Turabian
  • The order of the citation elements may depend on the nature of the resource and on what the focus of the citation is (i.e. you may cite the director's name first if the direction of the work is your primary focus).
  • Any facts relevant to identifying the item should be included (i.e. additional writers, actors, producers). See above links for examples.
  • Accompanying material (like a director's commentary) can either be woven into the text (see Turabian or cited by author and title (see Manual 14.265).
  • You may need to consult other resources (i.e a library catalogue or IMDb) for some citation elements.
  • You can also refer to a specific scene in a film. Include the scene title or chapter number in quotation marks at the beginning of the citation (i.e. “Crop Duster Attack,” North by Northwest…).
  • For recordings accessed online, if there is no date of production or broadcast provided, you should include an access date prior to the URL (Manual 14.12).

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