Two or three authors

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for in-text citation

In-text citation example

In a major study (Darian-Smith, Schaffer and Poignant 1993)…


Mock and Parker (1997) refute the argument…


Mock and Parker (1997, 42) refute the argument…

Format for reference list

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Author Surname, First name [and] Author First name Surname. Year of publication. Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Reference list example

Darian-Smith, Kate, Kay Schaffer, and Roslyn Poignant. 1993. Captured Lives: Australian Captivity Narratives. London: Menzies Centre for Australian Studies Monograph, University of London.

Mock, Douglas W., and Geoffrey A. Parker. 1997. The Evolution of Sibling Rivalry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Style notes for this reference style

  • See Manual 15.9
  • Include the surname only in in-text citations.
  • When citing a particular passage, include the page number/s in the in-text citation. Do not use 'p' or 'pp' before the page numbers. Place a comma between the year and page number/s.
  • In the reference list, invert the name of the first author only.
  • Editor's names should be followed with the abbreviation ed. (or eds.). Use the same format where there is a translator or compiler instead of an editor.
  • Specify the edition if it is not the first edition.
  • No page numbers are given for books. Give beginning and ending page numbers for book chapters.
  • For online books include the DOI (or URL) as the last part of the citations and refer to section headings in lieu of page numbers.
  • Published musical scores are treated in the same way as books.

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