Sound recording

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

33. Composer/Performer, Title of Recording, Label & publisher number, date, format.

Footnote example

33. Pink Floyd, Delicate Sound of Thunder, CBS 4631612, 1988, compact disc.

Format for bibliography

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Composer/ Performer. Title of Recording. Label & Publisher number, date, format.

Bibliography entry example

Pink Floyd. Delicate Sound of Thunder. CBS 4631612, 1998, compact disc.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 14.263.
  • Italicise the official title of the album, but individual track titles should be included in quotation marks (Manual 8.197).
  • If the performer or conductor (or similar) is more relevant than the composer, they may be listed first.
  • Include any information about the work that is relevant, including performers, conductors, performance dates, medium and publisher details.
  • For the date, include the date of the recording, the copyright date or published date included with the recording. If a date cannot be found consult a library catalogue or other resource; citations without a date are generally unacceptable. If no date can be found, use “n.d.” (for no date).
  • Sound recordings should be grouped under an appropriate subheading in the bibliography (see Chicago Manual, chapter 14.263 and 14.63).

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