No author

You may need to consult more than one section to accurately represent the source used (eg. number of authors and source descriptions)

Format for footnotes

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

1. Title of Book (Place of publication: Publisher, year), page number(s).

Footnote examples

First entry:

1. The Gardens of the City of Melbourne (Melbourne: City of Melbourne, 1993), 5.

Second and subsequent entries:

21. Gardens of the City of Melbourne, 14.

Format for bibliography entries

Elements, punctuation & capitalisation

Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year.

Bibliography entry example

The Gardens of the City of Melbourne. Melbourne: City of Melbourne, 1993.

Style notes for this reference type

  • See Manual 14.100 and 14.79.
  • Specify the edition if it is not the first edition.
  • Editor's name(s) should be followed with the abbreviation ed. (or eds.). Use the same format where there is a translator or compiler instead of an editor.
  • In the footnotes, do not use 'p' or 'pp' before the page numbers.
  • In the bibliography, works without an author should appear alphabetically by the main word of the title (ignore ‘the’, ‘a’ and ‘an’). See Manual 14.79.
  • In the bibliography, no page numbers are given for books. Give beginning and ending page numbers for book chapters.
  • Use the shortened form for second and subsequent footnotes.
  • For online books, include the DOI (or URL) as the last part of the citation and refer to section headings in lieu of page numbers.

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