The Baillieu Library is the University's largest discipline library and is central to teaching, learning and research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.
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About the Baillieu Library
When the Baillieu Library was opened by Robert Menzies in 1959, it was Australia's first purpose-built university library. Since then, it has seen many changes but retains its status as a "storehouse of wisdom".
Wolfgang Sievers, Baillieu Library, University of Melbourne, Victoria, 1959, architect John Scarborough,
National Library of Australia, nla.obj-161541866
About the Baillieu Library
The Baillieu Library is the University's largest discipline library and is central to teaching and research in the arts, humanities and social sciences. Its collections support the activities of undergraduates, postgraduates, academics and researchers.
The Baillieu is also home to the University Library's Special Collections, which includes Rare Books and the Print Collection. The Cultural Collections Reading Room serves as the access point for these collections, as well as for the University of Melbourne Archives .
History of the Baillieu Library
The Baillieu Library opened in 1959 and is named for the Baillieu family, who provided substantial funding for the new building through the William Lawrence Baillieu Trust. Additional funds were raised by the University Centenary Appeal, and from State and Commonwealth grants.
Previously, the University's Central Library had been housed within the Old Quadrangle. It was struggling to accommodate the library's expanding collections and to provide sufficient study space for the growing student population. From the early 1930s, University Librarian Leigh Scott began to raise his concerns regarding the need for the situation to be addressed.
In 1945, architect John F.D. Scarborough was commissioned to prepare designs for what would become Australia's first purpose-built university library. Construction began in March 1957, under the oversight of University Librarian Axel Lodewycks, and the building was completed in December 1958. Find out more about the design and construction of the building in The Architects' Story.
A competition to design a mural for the foyer of the building was held and the winning entry, Norma Redpath's Areopagitica, remains in place to this day.
Baillieu Library. Feb 1971, Media and Publications Unit Photograph collection,
University of Melbourne Archives, BWP17,360, Photographer: Norman Wodetksi
Inscription in the book Men Were My Milestones: Australian Portraits and Sketches (A.R.Chisholm,
Melbourne University Press,1958), presented to Robert Menzies on 21 March 1959.
The Opening Ceremony
Prime Minister (and University of Melbourne alumnus) Robert Menzies officially opened the new library on 21 March 1959. Lord Baillieu, son of W.L. Baillieu, unveiled the memorial inscription in the library foyer.
The speeches made at this ceremony are now preserved in a display around the Baillieu's iconic central staircase. Among the words Menzies spoke, perhaps these are the most resounding:
..to get library facilities that are worthy of a famous and great university like this is the hardest thing in the world, and therefore this is a great day in the history of the Melbourne University....If you are going to have a great University, then you must have a library which provides the mental, the intellectual pabulum for thousands and thousands of people in the future.
Lord Baillieu's speech continued the theme in equally inspiring terms:
A first-class library is the very corner stone of the life of any university. It is at once a store-house of wisdom, a shrine of memory, a seed-bed for the germination, the nourishing of thought and research and a constant spur to action.
The evolution of the Baillieu
Between 1969 and 1974, stages 2 and 3 of the development were completed. Extensions to the south-west, north-west and north-east corners of the building were added, with the result that library's floor plan grew by over 80,000 square feet.
In 2000, the Percy Baxter Collaborative Learning Centre was opened on the first floor, providing state of the art computer facilities and e-learning classrooms. Three years later, the area previously occupied by the Information Resources Access Department was transformed into the University Bookshop. The north end of the ground floor remained home to the Bookshop (latterly the Co-op store) until late 2015.
The Baillieu's service facilities have seen numerous transformations over the years. A major renovation of the ground floor was undertaken by Lyons Architects in 2011. The new space highlights elements of its mid-century design, such as the circular staircase, tiled pillars and Mitzi chairs. It offers a flexible learning space which includes bookable rooms and an extended hours zone for early morning and late night study. The traditional loans and reference desks have been replaced by a single service desk - designed to optimise collaboration - along with self-service check-out and check-in facilities. The library's reference and high use collections have remained on the ground floor.
Lyons were also responsible for the refurbishment of the first floor exhibition space in 2013, creating the Noel Shaw Gallery and a flexible space for graduate study and public events; this enhances the Library’s ability to engage with the University and the wider community. The evolution of the building will continue in 2016... watch this space to find out more!
Want to know more about the Baillieu's history?
Building Number: 177
Alternate Name: Arts, Humanities, Archives, Special Collections, Social Sciences, Government Documents